What is it about?

Tourism is the main source of income for many countries in the Caribbean. But it is also the main source of greenhouse gas emissions in these countries. Thus, there is a need to balance its positive and negative effects. This paper looks at the link between tourism and carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions. The study used data from 1960 to 2019 for 15 similar countries in the Caribbean. The findings show that tourism increases CO2 emissions. This can occur due to higher energy needs. It can also be due to the use of materials in the housing, transport, and activities of tourists. Changes in land use for tourism also impact CO2 emissions.

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Why is it important?

Large countries with high CO2 emissions contribute the most to climate change. Thus, it may not seem important for smaller island nations to invest in adapting to climate change. But doing so would provide many benefits to the environment, economy, and society. Moreover, at this point, all countries need to reduce CO2 emissions to help mitigate climate change. This study shows that tourism influences energy use in the Caribbean. It further affects the quality of the environment. This, in turn, reduces the pull of the Caribbean for tourists. Switching to sustainable tourism practices can help avoid this. These practices reduce CO2 emissions. They include investing in renewable energy and moving to electric modes of transport. Adopting sustainable land use practices is also a key aspect. KEY TAKEAWAY: This study shows that tourism increases CO2 emissions in the Caribbean. A shift to sustainable tourism practices is essential to reduce CO2 emissions. Disclaimer - This summary was prepared by Kudos Innovations Ltd and does not necessarily represent the views of International Monetary Fund (IMF).

Read the Original

This page is a summary of: Dirty Dance: Tourism and Environment, IMF Working Paper, September 2022, International Monetary Fund, DOI: 10.5089/9798400220272.001.
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