What is it about?

To improve food safety and quality in terms of biogenic amines (BAs), a better understanding of BAs in foods are so critical. Since essential foods in a daily diet have been confirmed to contain a variety of BAs at various amounts, and since BAs can induce a variety of toxicological effects on human health, including respiratory, gastrointestinal, cardiovascular, and neurological disorders, as well as cancer, and therefore providing BAs with knowledge will be valuable for physicians, dieticians, consumers, and we have shown the public health concerns of BAs with psychoactive, vasoactive, and hypertensive effects, as well as describing those individuals that are more susceptible to it.

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Why is it important?

BAs can cause respiratory, digestive, cardiovascular, and neurological disorders. They also can produce organic carcinogenic nitrosamines, and therefore control of BAs would be favourable. People with gastrointestinal disorders, also individuals with asthma, and immune system insufficiency, and patients who are on MAOIs medications (such as painkillers, antidepressant drugs, etc.) are more susceptible to amine toxicity, so special attention should be given to them.


The formation of BAs in food products should be decreased for some reasons, including their possible toxicity and their use as quality indicators for food products. When food is handled properly bacteria linked to the production of BAs will be prevented, and the risk of amine toxicity will be decreased to a safe level.

Abdullah Omer
Urmia University

Read the Original

This page is a summary of: Presence of biogenic amines in food and their public health concerns, Journal of Food Protection, May 2021, International Association for Food Protection,
DOI: 10.4315/jfp-21-047.
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