What is it about?

The agriculture is expected to experience greater risks due to more variability in crop productivity due to increasing yearly average temperatures and extreme precipitation patterns. Most research concludes that climate variability is an important factor to negatively influence crop production. Other studies conclude that global warming has improved agro-climatic conditions in many regions of Europe. The literature also highlights that based on applied method the results can be substantially different. This study investigates theffect of changing climatic conditions on productivity in Hungarian crop farms.

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Why is it important?

Our results indicate that climate variables have significant impacts on technical efficiency. The results suggest that a higher temperature is beneficial during the seeding and vegetative periods, more precipitation in the vegetative phase will benefit the Hungarian crop sector. The results also suggest that, holding all other factors constant, a mild negative association exists between climatic effects and farm output over the 12-year period of analysis.


We conclude that an estimation of the potential evolution of these processes based on agricultural productivity would be valuable when designing adaptation strategies.

Professor Imre Ferto
Centre for Economic and Regional Studies, Hungarian Academy of Sciences: Budapest

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This page is a summary of: Crop Productivity and Climatic Conditions: Evidence from Hungary, Agriculture, September 2020, MDPI AG, DOI: 10.3390/agriculture10090421.
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