What is it about?

This study examines the gender differences in stress, anxiety and depression due to such COVID-19-related stressors as unemployment, individual quarantine and pandemic duration. This study compares the effects of a short-term and a long-term pandemic. The results are very intriguing. Women generally reported higher levels of distress than men. Employed and unemployed women reported higher stress, anxiety and depression during individual quarantine. Conversely, employed men were not affected by the quarantine, while unemployed men reported higher stress, anxiety and depression.

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Why is it important?

Employment is a critical factor regarding men’s emotional state during such stressful situations as the COVID-19 pandemic. Furthermore, individual quarantine and long-term pandemics are associated with opposite outcomes regarding individual mental health. The individual quarantine is associated with increased anxiety and depression, while a long-term, continuous pandemic is associated with decreased stress.


Personally, this study's findings are intriguing since they not only identify the factors that impact individual mental health during viral pandemics but also underline the gender differences in the significance of employment.

Dr Inna Levy
Ariel University

Read the Original

This page is a summary of: Stress, anxiety, and depression in times of COVID-19: Gender, individual quarantine, pandemic duration and employment, Frontiers in Public Health, November 2022, Frontiers,
DOI: 10.3389/fpubh.2022.999795.
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