Computational analysis of candidate prion-like proteins in bacteria and their role

Valentin Iglesias, Natalia S. de Groot, Salvador Ventura
  • Frontiers in Microbiology, October 2015, Frontiers Media SA
  • DOI: 10.3389/fmicb.2015.01123

Prion-like proteins in bacteria

What is it about?

Prion proteins were initially associated with diseases such as Creutzfeldt Jakob and transmissible spongiform encephalopathies. However, deeper research revealed them as versatile tools, exploited by the cells to execute fascinating functions, acting as epigenetic elements or building membrane free compartments in eukaryotes. One of the most intriguing properties of prion proteins is their ability to propagate a conformational assembly, even across species. In this context, it has been observed that bacterial amyloids can trigger the formation of protein aggregates by interacting with host proteins. As our life is closely linked to bacteria, either through a parasitic or symbiotic relationship, prion-like proteins produced by bacterial cells might play a role in this association. Bioinformatics is helping us to understand the factors that determine conformational conversion and infectivity in prion-like proteins. We have used PrionScan to detect prion domains bacteria proteomes. Our results suggest that these putative prions are associated to peripheral rearrangement, macromolecular assembly, cell adaptability, and invasion. Overall, these data could reveal new threats and therapeutic targets associated to infectious diseases.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fmicb.2015.01123

The following have contributed to this page: Dr Natalia Sanchez de Groot