What is it about?

The objective of this study was to provide a new detail regarding the prevalence of CAs in Sudanese fetuses and to investigate the association between these anomalies with fetal weight and/ or maternal disorders. During the period February 2018 to November 2019, a descriptive prospective study was conducted at the ultrasound unit (U/S), Omdurman Maternity Teaching Hospital, Sudan. Inclusion criteria include any fetus with features of intrauterine fetal anomaly. Mindery D-C6 U/S system with a 3.5 MHz convex transducer was used. Five thousand two hundred and eighty pregnant women underwent routine U/S scanning through a standard protocol. CAs were noted in 39 fetuses (0.738%) among the studied population. 28.2% of the detected CAs were noted in diabetic and hypertensive women. The major CAs were the central nervous system (CNS) followed by the renal system, skeletal, and gastrointestinal tract (GIT). A significant statistical association between the types of CAs and fetal weight was observed (p= 0.03). In conclusion, the prevalence of CAs in Sudanese fetuses is < 1.0%. The CAs were more prevalent in diabetic than hypertensive women. CAs and fetal weight were significantly associated. The CNS anomalies were common CAs.

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Why is it important?

The issue of this study includes fetal congenital anomalies (CAs), which are important causes of infant and childhood deaths, chronic illness and disability.


I hope this article provides a useful data regarding fetal anomalies in Sudan.

Dr Mahmoud S. Babiker
Taibah University

Read the Original

This page is a summary of: Prevalence of congenital anomalies in Sudanese fetuses: A prospective study, International Research Journal of medicine and Medical Sciences, December 2019, Net Journals, DOI: 10.30918/irjmms.74.19.066.
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