What is it about?

This study was to examine the effect of pregnancy during the 2nd and 3rd trimesters on ground reaction forces (GRFs). The findings displayed that the pregnant women assumed a flatter pattern of vertical GRF and a decreased downward movement of center of gravity. This pattern may help to make the gait smooth and efficient. Increased time to reach peaks of GRFs may be a strategy to maximize balance during pregnancy.

Featured Image

Why is it important?

To our knowledge, most previous studies were longitudinal studies that examined the variations in GRFs between the three trimesters of pregnancy. Also, there is a lack of studies that compared the GRFs characteristics between the pregnant during different trimesters and the non-pregnant women. Researchers concluded that there were very few studies analyzing the kinetics of gait in pregnant women. Nevertheless, these data are seen as essential to understand the magnitude and implications of changes in the welfare of women.


This study showed the walking strategy adopted pregnant women during the second and third trimesters of pregnancy to safe their balance during walking. These findings should be considered during designing a rehabilitation program for pregnant women.

Prof. Dr. Amr Almaz Abdel-aziem
Faculty of Physical Therapy, Cairo University

Read the Original

This page is a summary of: Analysis of ground reaction forces in the second and third trimesters of pregnancy during walking, Kinesiology, January 2019, Faculty of Kinesiology, University of Zagreb,
DOI: 10.26582/k.51.2.7.
You can read the full text:



The following have contributed to this page