What is it about?

Breast cancer screening is critical for early detection and lowering mortality rates. Mammography, clinical breast examination, and breast self-examination (BSE) are all suggested screening methods for early breast cancer detection. Regular BSE has been proposed as part of a broader health promotion strategy; nevertheless, BSE is dependent on women's understanding and attitudes toward BSE practise.

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Why is it important?

The current study found that after program implementation, there was a significant improvement in knowledge, practice, and health beliefs about breast self-examination among visually impaired women, emphasizing that educational programs based on health beliefs models have positive effect in improving women's knowledge, practice, and health beliefs about breast self-examination.


Writing this article was a great pleasure as it has co-authors with whom I have had long standing collaborations. This article also have implications that can guide policymakers and health care team at the governmental levels to identify health issues related to women's health and well-being especially visually impaired women as a vulnerable group. Also, it can help in planning for future interventions to increase awareness of breast self-examination as a preventive behavior, which will consequently help in lowering the cases of breast cancer, early detection, treatment, and improvements in outcome and prognosis. In addition, reducing the psychological, social, and economic impact, as well as medical complications on women, their families, the health-care system, and the community.

Manal Elsawy
Cairo University

Read the Original

This page is a summary of: Effect of Utilizing Health Belief Model on Knowledge, Beliefs and Behaviour of Visually Impaired Women toward Breast Self-Examination, The Open Nursing Journal, December 2022, Bentham Science Publishers, DOI: 10.2174/18744346-v16-e221221-2022-115.
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