Factors related to the presence of different water and sanitation management models in Brazil
What is it about?
In Brazil, water supply and sanitation services can be provided by different models. The most common model is the State Companies, a regional model in which the municipalities served grant the services to the company. The municipality itself can also provide the services, either directly (through a municipal administration office) or indirectly (by creating a specific decentralized management office for the provision of services, such as an autarchy). Another possibility is the provision of services by private companies. This last model is not very common in Brazil, but has grown in recent years. The article studies the factors that influence the choice of each model by the municipalities. Why do some locations choose a certain model and other locations adopt another model?
Why is it important?
Studies that analyze the models of provision of water and sanitation services contributes to improving the quality of public policies in this field and to higher quality debates and deliberation. Over time, this article applies an established research method, the Qualitative Comparative Analysis (QCA), which is not very commonly applied in water and sanitation research sector.
The following have contributed to this page: Nathalia Roland
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