Drug prescribing patterns in hospitals
What is it about?
This is a research conducted to evaluate the drug prescribing patterns in four Ethiopian hospitals. The evaluation is based on the world health organization's criteria for appropriate drug prescribing practice. We evaluated the average number of drugs prescribed, the percentage of drugs prescribed by generic name, the percentage of antibiotics per encounter, the percentage of injectable medicines per encounter and the percentage of drugs prescribed from the essential drug lists for Ethiopia (EDL) based on these WHO recommended prescribing indicators. Also we assessed the medications prescribed in the hospitals to identify the most frequently prescribed medications. Based on this evaluation it was found that there was overuse of antibiotics and injectable medications in the hospitals. Other WHO prescribing indicators are near to optimal though there was a slight deviations some from the recommended values. It was also found that the most frequently prescribed medications in the hospitals are antibiotics and analgesics. This evaluation did not include the link between the patient diagnosis and the prescribed medications because of the well documented records for the patient diagnosis and the prescribed medications.
Why is it important?
The evaluation is very important particularly to make some improvement in drug prescribing practices in the hospitals to ensure the safety of the patients as well as to ensure the optimum use of the medications to treat their illness. The evaluation also has implications on the public health since overuse of antibiotics accelerate the drug resistance which is a national and global challenge of treating infectious diseases effectively. Use of medications particularly antibiotics wisely is mandatory to guarantee the control of infectious disease.
The following have contributed to this page: Mr Temesgen Sidamo Summoro, Dr Kassa Daka Gidebo, Mr Zewde Zema Kanche, and Mr Eskinder Wolka Woticha
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