Anesthetic Consideration For Laparoscopic Surgery Research

Somchai Amornyotin
  • International Journal of Anesthesiology & Research, August 2013, SciDoc Publishers LLC
  • DOI: 10.19070/2332-2780-130002

Anesthetic Consideration For Laparoscopic Surgery

What is it about?

Minimally invasive surgical procedures aim to minimize the tissue trauma but still achieve a satisfactory therapeutic result. Tissue trauma is significantly less than conventional open procedure. Laparoscopy is the process of inspecting the abdominal cavity through an endoscope. Carbon dioxide is commonly used to insufflate the abdominal cavity to facilitate the view.

Why is it important?

The surgical advantages of laparoscopic operations are the reduction of postoperative pain, significant cost savings and more rapid return to normal activities. Pathophysiological changes including the alteration of cardiorespiratory function occur after carbon dioxide pneumoperitoneum and extremes of patient positioning. In addition, the sequential effects of anesthesia combine to produce a characteristic hemodynamic response. A thorough understanding of these physiological changes is fundamental for optimal anesthetic care.

Perspectives

Somchai Amornyotin
Department of Anesthesiology, Faculty of Medicine Siriraj Hospital, Mahidol University

General anesthesia and controlled ventilation using balanced anesthesia technique including several intravenous and inhalation agents with the use of muscle relaxant shows a rapid recovery and cardiovascular stability. Peripheral nerve blocks, neuraxial anesthesia and local anesthesia infiltration were considered as safe and effective in some laparoscopic operations. This report considers the pathophysiological changes during laparoscopy, preprocedure assessment, patient monitoring, anesthetic techniques, intraoperative complications and postoperative period.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.19070/2332-2780-130002

The following have contributed to this page: Somchai Amornyotin