What is it about?

The study carries out a topic analysis of 13,268 tweets in Spanish published on Twitter by the political groups analyzed, collected between September 1, 2019, and February 29, 2020, which are compared with the 2,730 disinformation content collected between 1 September 2019 and February 29, 2020, for two Fact-Checking journalistic projects in Spain (Maldita.es and Newtral.es).

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Why is it important?

Findings show us a communicative scenario, at the level of the political groups studied, in which polarization is used as a strategy to attract potential voters from digital scenarios such as Twitter. In addition, a greater presence of hate expressions with neutral semantic load and a low level of co-occurrence is observed with respect to the misinformation content identified in the Fact-Checking projects taken as case studies.


The paper helps us recognize the role that politicians, in our case Spanish independence and nationalists, could be playing. , by favouring an increase in sources of information, from messages published by users linked to current social networks (Twitter), based on micro-narratives that seem to have a high sentimental component and personal beliefs, where topics could be addressed (even with a low rate) co-occurring with disinformation content that has gone viral in said digital scenarios.

Prof. Elias Said-Hung
Universidad Internacional de La Rioja

Read the Original

This page is a summary of: Polarización, desinformación y expresiones de odio en Twitter. Caso grupos políticos nacionalistas e independentistas en España, Observatorio (OBS*), June 2023, Instituto Universitario de Lisboa (ISCTE-IUL),
DOI: 10.15847/obsobs17220232179.
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