Insulin resistance and adipokine levels correlate with early atherosclerosis – a study in prediabetic patients

Bogdan Mircea Mihai, Antoniu Octavian Petriș, Didona Anca Ungureanu, Cristina Mihaela Lăcătușu
  • Open Medicine, January 2014, De Gruyter
  • DOI: 10.1515/med-2015-0003

Insulin resistance and adipokine levels correlate with early atherosclerosis in prediabetes patients

What is it about?

Cardiovascular risk of prediabetes is still subject to controversies. We analyzed the associations between insulin resistance, adipokines and incipient atherosclerosis estimated by intima-media thickness (IMT) in a cross-sectional study on 122 prediabetic subjects without clinical signs of atherosclerotic disease. Homeostasis model assessment of insulin resistance (HOMA-IR, calculated as fasting insulin × fasting plasma glucose / 22.5), adiponectin, leptin, leptin-to-adiponectin ratio, carotid and femoral IMT were evaluated. We also assessed other parameters related to insulin resistance and adipokines (HbA1c, anthropometric and lipid parameters), as they may also influence atherosclerosis. Carotid IMT was correlated to adiponectin and leptin-to-adiponectin ratio (all p < 0.05), but not with HOMA-IR or leptin, while femoral IMT showed no relationship with these factors. After adjusting for leptin, leptin-to-adiponectin ratio, triglycerides, HDL-cholesterol, cholesterol-to-HDL ratio, triglycerides-to-HDL ratio and HbA1c, IMT values became correlated with HOMA-IR. Adjustment for HOMA-IR induced the appearance of new correlations between adipokines and both IMT values. In conclusion, insulin resistance and adipokines seem related to IMT in prediabetic subjects without clinical signs of arterial obstruction.

Why is it important?

This is the first study to investigate the associations between insulin resistance, adipokines and carotid and femoral IMT in prediabetic subjects without clinical signs of cardiovascular disease. Relationships between this atherosclerosis marker and the metabolic profile seem to exist even if manifest arterial obstructions are not yet present.

Perspectives

Dr Cristina Mihaela Lacatusu (Author)
Universitatea de Medicina si Farmacie Gr T Popa Iasi

This study adds to the limited information about the associations between metabolic profile (insulin resistance indexes, adipokines and HbA1c) and subclinical atherosclerosis in prediabetic patients.

The following have contributed to this page: Dr Cristina Mihaela Lacatusu