What is it about?

This paper evaluates which entrepreneurs participate in the informal sector. Until now, the dominant view has been that entrepreneurs from marginalised groups benefiting least from the formal sector are more likely to do so.

Featured Image

Why is it important?

To evaluate this marginalisation thesis, we report a 2013 survey of 11 central and east European countries involving 707 face-to-face interviews with entrepreneurs about their participation in the informal sector. Using logistic regression analysis, the finding is that the marginalisation thesis applies when examining characteristics such as the household financial circumstances and age of entrepreneurs engaged in the informal sector. However, when gender variations are analysed, the thesis is negatively confirmed. Meanwhile, no association is found when analysing characteristics such as the educational level, social class and area inhabited.


The outcome is a call to move beyond the marginalisation thesis and towards a more nuanced understanding of which entrepreneurs participate in the informal sector.

Professor Colin C Williams
University of Sheffield

Read the Original

This page is a summary of: Beyond the marginalisation thesis: evaluating participation in informal sector entrepreneurship, International Journal of Entrepreneurship and Small Business, January 2016, Inderscience Publishers, DOI: 10.1504/ijesb.2016.076635.
You can read the full text:



The following have contributed to this page