What is it about?

The objective of this paper is to evaluate the different explanations provided by competing theories for informal sector competitors being viewed as hindering formal entrepreneurs more in some countries than others. These theories variously explain such cross-country variations as determined by: economic under-development (modernization theory); government over-interference and high taxes (neo-liberal theory); too little government intervention (political economy theory), or the asymmetry between the laws and regulations of formal institutions and entrepreneurs’ views on the acceptability of participating in the informal economy (institutional theory). To evaluate these theories, the chosen method focus on World Bank Enterprise Survey data on 31 Latin American and Caribbean countries using binary probit regression analysis.

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Why is it important?

The findings show significant cross-country differences, ranging from 58.1 per cent of entrepreneurs viewing informal sector competition as a major constraint in Bolivia to 11.1 percent in Dominica. The binary probit regression analysis confirms the modernization and institutional theories, only partially confirms political economy theory, but refutes neo-liberal theory.


Reveals in Latin America why informal competitors hinder formal enterprises more in some Latin American countries than others

Professor Colin C Williams
University of Sheffield

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This page is a summary of: Why do Informal Sector Competitors Hinder Formal Entrepreneurs More in Some Countries?, REGEPE - Revista de Empreendedorismo e Gestão de Pequenas Empresas, September 2020, Revista de Empreendedorismo e Gestao de Pequenas Empresas (REGEPE), DOI: 10.14211/regepe.v9i4.1981.
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