What is it about?
Pooled CRISPR screening allows us to test the function of every gene in the human genome. Using this approach, we found a new receptor that can bind SARS-CoV-2 spike protein and suppress infection. This receptor is part of an ancient family of innate immune receptors and is highly expressed in the lungs of COVID-19 patients.
Photo by CDC on Unsplash
Why is it important?
While we have a deep understanding of our bodies immune system, we don’t specifically know as much about how our body protects us from highly pathogenic coronaviruses. Our whole genome functional screen for human proteins that can bind to SARS-CoV-2 helped us find a new innate immune receptor that suppresses SARS-CoV-2 infection. From a basic perspective this is interesting, because any new player in the immune system will help us better understand our body’s defense systems. From a medical perspective, this new inhibitory receptor could be used to treat both SARS-CoV-2 infection and possibly other endemic or emerging viruses, or even other non-infectious diseases like fibrosis.
Read the Original
This page is a summary of: Fibroblast-expressed LRRC15 is a receptor for SARS-CoV-2 spike and controls antiviral and antifibrotic transcriptional programs, PLoS Biology, February 2023, PLOS, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pbio.3001967.
You can read the full text:
The following have contributed to this page