What is it about?

In this study, we generate visual projections of the ranking of perceptions and expectations of graduate students, teachers, and employers regarding the development of competencies by means of perceptual maps. The information is collected through a random sampling process. To this end, we rank the competencies and working abilities acquired during university education (perceptions) and the ones demanded by the labour market (expectations). Both rankings are combined for each collective in order to position each type of competency (generic, personal, and specific). Finally, we compare the results obtained by multidimensional scaling and categorical principal components.

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Why is it important?

This is one of the first studies simultaneously comparing perceptions and expectations of graduate students, teachers, and employers regarding the development of competencies. We observe a high degree of consensus among students, teachers, and employers regarding the relevance of the competencies. The proposed approach, based on the generation of perceptual maps, allows us to visually discriminate between the most and the least valued competencies.

Perspectives

This research makes use of recent multivariate non-linear techniques for the analysis of qualitative information coming from opinion polls. The proposed methodology is particularly suitable for the analysis of categorical data from Likert-type scales, and allows synthesizing the information coming from surveys in alternative ways in order to shed light on the interconnections between variables.

Oscar Claveria
AQR-IREA, Univeristy of Barcelona

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This page is a summary of: Valoración del desarrollo de competencias de los estudiantes mediante mapas perceptuales: Una aplicación en la Facultad de Economía y Empresa de la Universidad de Barcelona, Revista d Innovació Docent Universitària, January 2017, Edicions de la Universitat de Barcelona, DOI: 10.1344/ridu2017.9.5.
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