What is it about?

The porosity exponent m represents an important parameter in Archie’s equation; it is routinely used in well logging interpretation and formation evaluation. It reflects some petrophysical rock properties; such as the petro- and pore-fabrics, and the overburden pressure OBP. Data measured at ambient conditions for a total of 55 sandstone core samples were obtained from eight wells varying in depositional facies, geologic age, degree of consolidation and cementation material, and then measured again at overburden pressure, similar to the actual reservoir conditions, to check effect of overburden pressure on Archie’s parameters and to introduce a model of high reliability. Other published data sets were also used to confirm the study results. Based on the best-fit regression analysis, several empirical relationships were introduced to relate the porosity exponent to pore volume, lithology factor and permeability. The effect of overburden pressure on the porosity exponent was also investigated in relation to the petrophysical parameters. Given the above, a new statistical model is proposed to relate the porosity exponent to permeability of the studied sandstone samples in the Gulf of Suez, Egypt. The effect of confining pressure on the studied porosity exponent m and the lithology factor a is significant when porosity (φ) is ≤ 10 %. From the present study, categorization of the studied samples into flow units and rock types using the hydraulic flow unit (HFU) and the discrete rock types (DRT) increased the reliability of the obtained relationships and increased the applicability of the obtained equations. In addition, the value of the lithology factor a fluctuates around 1 (0.92-1.04, regardless of the applied processing method), whereas the value of the porosity exponent m fluctuates around 1.83. The obtained relationships between the formation resistivity factor and porosity have a very high reliability (-0.949 ≥ correlation coefficient ≥ -0.969).

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Why is it important?

It is important for reservoir characterization

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This page is a summary of: Determining the porosity exponent m and lithology factor a for sandstones and their control by overburden pressure: A case study from the Gulf of Suez, Egypt, AAPG Bulletin, September 2018, American Association of Petroleum Geologists (AAPG),
DOI: 10.1306/03141817262.
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