Environmental Implications of pH in a Pervious Concrete Pavement on Highway BR-319, Amazonas, Brazil

  • Evailton Arantes de Oliveira, Maria P. S. Lamêgo Oliveira, Arlene M. L. da Silva Campos M. L. da Silva Campos, Murilo Ferreira dos Santos, Jessica A. Afonso Souza, Maria João Correa de S. Guerreiro, Maria Alzira Pimenta Dinis
  • Current World Environment, August 2018, Enviro Research Publishers
  • DOI: 10.12944/cwe.13.2.03

Pervious Concrete Pavement on Highway BR-319, Amazonas, Brazil

What is it about?

This research studies the carbonation phenomenon of cement due to the reaction of its components with water. In this chemical reaction occurs the formation of calcium carbonate and the absorption of CO2 in the atmosphere, which contributes to the reduction of the Greenhouse Effect. However, carbonation also causes pathologies such as efflorescence, staining and corrosion of steel in concrete.

Why is it important?

This research shows the results of experiments with specimens of concrete permeable, made with cement and big aggregates (calcareous stone) in the ratio of 1: 4.4 (cement:stone) and a factor of 0.3 for water / cement. The specimens were kept in contact with water containing different amounts of CO2 - distilled, ionized alkaline, carbonated, and tap water. After the experiments were carried out, an increase in pH, a mean compressive strength of 12.3 MPa and a permeability rate of 1.28 l / h was observed. The results show that the permeable concrete did not present any pathologies resulting from the carbonation during the period of the research, which recommended the same for use in road pavements.

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The following have contributed to this page: Associate Professor, PhD, MSc Maria Alzira Pimenta Dinis