What is it about?

Vaccinations are often followed by adverse effects, sometime serious, but establishing a causal link is difficult. The WHO guidelines are universally adopted, but there are several problems in their application.

Featured Image

Why is it important?

The correct approach to causality assessment is important for the evaluation of cost/benefit ratio of vaccines and for compensation of persons who have suffered serious consequences.


I hope that this paper may become useful for a correct application of WHO guidelines of causality assessment of AEFI.

Paolo Bellavite
University of Verona

Read the Original

This page is a summary of: Causality assessment of adverse events following immunization: the problem of multifactorial pathology, F1000Research, March 2020, Faculty of 1000, Ltd., DOI: 10.12688/f1000research.22600.1.
You can read the full text:

Open access logo


The following have contributed to this page