What is it about?
According to the Institute of Medicine in the USA. The Clinical Practice Guidelines (CPG) are documents based on a systematic review of the evidence and on the evaluation of the risks and benefits of the different alternatives, to optimize patient health care. The CPG could be a handy tool for clinicians when they care for their patients. Scientific research, when it is of good quality produces new evidence that can benefit the patient and health systems. The problem that motivated us to carry out this work was the uncertainty that arose on us because there was some evidence of the effect of the use of CPGs in improving the quality of health care. We decided to do a Systematic Review, that is, a review of published and unpublished studies, in any language and from there a synthesis according to the Cochrane proposed methodology. (www-cochrane.org). The type of integration possible in this case was more narrative than analytical because there was a lot of variability in the studies. The initial search was done and given the volume of studies found we decided to do three reviews. The review is the first of a series of three — the current subject of CPG effects for cardiovascular diseases.
Photo by jesse orrico on Unsplash
Why is it important?
In today's world, there is significant variability in clinical decision making at the time of patient care. Also, the therapeutic, diagnostic and prevention arsenal grows a lot. The original scientific publications exceed the possibility of time and skill of professionals to analyze what is most convenient for the treatment of patients safely and effectively. CPGs, as a summary of scientific evidence, is a tool to be used in everyday practice. The CPGs have been designed with the most rigorous methods to guarantee the best use of the evidence of clinical research. In the understanding that with this tool, the quality of health services would be improved. However, the findings of this review show that this improvement is milder than expected. And it is smaller according to the results of the health of the patient. It seems that this is due to the little use made by the CPG clinicians due to several possible causes beyond the clinician's desire. We do not believe that we; should abandon the development of CPG. Instead, all should strengthen the implementation process to help the change that the use of CPG means.
Read the Original
This page is a summary of: Effects of evidence-based clinical practice guidelines in cardiovascular health care quality improvements: A systematic review, F1000Research, September 2019, Faculty of 1000, Ltd., DOI: 10.12688/f1000research.18865.2.
You can read the full text:
The following have contributed to this page