Spatial Segregation in Indian Cities

  • Does the City Size Matter?
  • Ismail Haque, Dipendra Nath Das, Priyank Pravin Patel
  • Environment and Urbanization Asia, March 2018, SAGE Publications
  • DOI: 10.1177/0975425317749657

Spatial Segregation in Indian Cities

What is it about?

As India transforms into an increasingly urban society, ward-level data from the 2011 Indian Census is analysed to decipher how inequality patterns vary across different scales of urban settlements, highlighting the spatial segregation by gender, caste, socio-economic status (SES) and access to goods, by examining a specific state (Uttar Pradesh) as a microcosm to account for the nation’s enormous socio-political diversity.

Why is it important?

Caste-based spatial segregation is greater in small and medium cities compared to metropolises, possibly from a greater intermingling of socio-cultural identities in larger urban locales that lower caste barriers. This also applies to segregation by SES. Contrastingly, segregation by gender or by access to essential goods is higher in larger and medium cities. Within cities, caste-based segregation is greater than that by SES. A stark spatial segregation in terms of households’ (HHs) access to essential public and private goods exists, often higher than even caste-based segregation. Summary explanations for these differentials in spatial segregation across settlements scales are offered, highlighting probable further research aspects.


CSRD/SSS, Jawaharlal Nehru University (JNU)

This paper has been built using publicly available neighbourhood level census data and will be useful to better understand the socio-spatial dynamics at play in urban areas.

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The following have contributed to this page: Mr ISMAIL HAQUE