What is it about?

This research explores a potential link between young women's unemployment and the disproportionate level of HIV among young women. We find that there is a connection between young women's rates of employment and HIV across developing nations, and this is likely due to mechanisms like "transactional sex."

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Why is it important?

This research is important because it helps to show unemployment as one of the potential factors that explain why young women 15-24 years old are most as risk for acquiring HIV in poor nations. Structural conditions, like unemployment, are important in creating pressures for young women to engage in risky sexual relationships.


As young women remain most vulnerable to HIV globally, it is important to conduct research that brings attention to this harmful demographic trend.

Kelly Austin
Lehigh University

Read the Original

This page is a summary of: Trading sex for security: Unemployment and the unequal HIV burden among young women in developing nations, International Sociology, February 2017, SAGE Publications, DOI: 10.1177/0268580917693172.
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