What is it about?

It examines the changes in the Duterte Administration's foreign policy from appeasement to limited hard balancing.

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Why is it important?

It discusses changes in foreign policy.


This discusses the dilemma of Southeast Asian middle powers that are confronted by Chinese maritime expansion in the South China Sea. China doesn't give these countries any choices. Whether you appease or challenge China, it will deprive you of your maritime rights in the South China Sea.

Distinguished University Professor Renato Cruz De Castro
De La Salle University Manila

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This page is a summary of: Caught Between Appeasement and Limited Hard Balancing: The Philippines’ Changing Relations With the Eagle and the Dragon, Journal of Current Southeast Asian Affairs, February 2022, SAGE Publications, DOI: 10.1177/18681034221081143.
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