What is it about?

What does learning music in school look like through the eyes of eight-year-olds? What might it look like if we prioritized their needs and interests? The purpose of this study was to explore and synthesize the perspectives of primary-level students regarding actual and ideal music learning through analysis of their drawings.

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Why is it important?

The findings of this study suggest several implications for practice, including the need for modernization of general music spaces and curricula, development of teacher education initiatives focused on alternatives to conventional general music approaches, and a greater focus on the perceptions of students when designing music learning experiences.


This type of pictorial analysis, while well-established in the fields of psychology and sociology, is seldom employed in music education research and was certainly new to me. I hope this article inspires other music education researchers to consider similar approaches, especially when seeking the perspectives of young music learners.

Josef Hanson
University of Memphis

Read the Original

This page is a summary of: Examining student depictions of actual and ideal learning experiences in elementary general music, Research Studies in Music Education, June 2022, SAGE Publications, DOI: 10.1177/1321103x221096553.
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