What is it about?

The analysis of employment relations needs to include work in the informal economy. For this purpose, we propose a ‘degrees of informalization’ framework that evaluates the proportion of employment relations infused with informality and the nature of this permeation.

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Why is it important?

We apply this framework to South-East Europe, using evidence from a 2007 Eurobarometer survey. Informality is extensive, largely in the form of under-declared formal waged employment, although significant variations exist across countries. There is a strong correlation between capitalist societies with higher levels of labour market intervention, social protection, redistribution via social transfers and equality, and lower levels of informality.


Examines the determinants of the degree of informalisation of economies

Professor Colin C Williams
University of Sheffield

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This page is a summary of: Evaluating the extent and nature of the informalization of employment relations in South-East Europe, European Journal of Industrial Relations, April 2013, SAGE Publications, DOI: 10.1177/0959680113481732.
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