Antifungal activity of essential oil of Ziziphora clinopodioides and the inhibition of aflatoxin B1 production in maize grain

  • Hediyeh Davoudi Moghadam, Ali Mohamadi Sani, Masoomeh Mehraban Sangatash
  • Toxicology and Industrial Health, November 2013, SAGE Publications
  • DOI: 10.1177/0748233713503375

Antifungal activity of essential oil of Ziziphora clinopodioides

What is it about?

The aim of this study was to determine the antifungal effect of the essential oil obtained from Ziziphora clinopodioides L on two fungi species including Aspergillus flavus and Aspergillus parasiticus using microdilution method. The minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) and minimum fungicidal concentration (MFC) were determined for the essential oil at 10 different concentrations (i.e. 25,000, 12,500, 6250, 3125, 1562.5, 781.25, 390.625, 195.31, 97.65, and 48.82 mg/ml). Finally, the effect of the essential oil at six levels (6250, 3125, 1600, 800, 400, and 196 mg/ml) was investigated on the growth and activity of A. flavus and A. parasiticus, and also toxin production of these species in maize at 0.97 aw and 25C after 29 days. Aflatoxin B1 (AFB1) content was assayed by enzyme linked immuno-sorbent assay technique. Results showed that essential oil of Z. clinopodioides was found more effective on A. parasiticus than A. flavus in both in vitro and in vivo conditions. Z. clinopodioides oil exhibited the same MIC value in the liquid medium against all fungal strains (48.82 mg/ml), while it showed different activity against A. flavus and A. parasiticus with MFC values of 781.25 and 390.625 mg/ml respectively. Under storage condition in maize, AFB1 production was significantly (p < 0.05) repressed at the concentration of 6250 mg/ml for A. flavus and 6250 and 3125 mg/ml for A. parasiticus. At the lower concentrations, the AFB1 production increased gradually. The results of the present study indicated that the essential oil of Z. clinopodioides had significant antifungal activity (p < 0.05); therefore, it can be used as an antifungal agent in the food and medicinal industries

Why is it important?

The results of the present study indicated that the essential oil of Z. clinopodioides had significant antifungal activity (p < 0.05); therefore, it can be used as an antifungal agent in the food and medicinal industries.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0748233713503375

The following have contributed to this page: Dr hediyeh davoudi moghadam