What is it about?
In 1848 Marx and Engels published their Communist Manifesto. The opening line claimed: ‘A spectre is haunting Europe — the spectre of communism.’ In Poland the experience of more than forty years of communism and the fear that ‘reds’ still secretly control the government haunts the present.
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Why is it important?
The essay is timely because it sketches in the background to the lustration debate in Poland, the vicious infighting between those who favoured it and those who foresaw disaster if it was allowed to become law, and helps explain the the rise of the populist, anti-European PiS party which now governs Poland.
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This page is a summary of: Lustration – the Polish experience, Journal of European Studies, September 2016, SAGE Publications, DOI: 10.1177/0047244116659800.
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