What is it about?

Return to work or employment increases an individual's psychological well-being, productivity, social participation, self-worth, and quality of life. This paper examines what vocational rehabilitation services are beneficial to people with traumatic brain injury, and if there are interactions between the effects of vocational rehabilitation services, personal, and disability-related characteristics, in their effect on employment outcomes.

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Why is it important?

Our findings show that on-the-job support, job placement, and on-the-job training are the most beneficial vocational rehabilitation services that improve the employment outcome of people with traumatic brain injury. Race\ethnicity moderated the effect of college training, supported employment, transportation, and extended evaluation or work trial assessment services on employment outcomes.


I hope that this article makes people appreciate vocational rehabilitation as an important intervention that assists persons with traumatic brain injury to return to work or gain employment. Because the issue of public health outcomes is not just an issue for healthcare, but an issue that cuts across disciplines, the collaboration between public vocational rehabilitation professionals and other health professionals is desired to promote the whole health of people in society. More than anything else, I hope that this article further provides evidence to support the need for providing vocational rehabilitation service, as part of the continuum of care for people with disabilities.

Zaccheus Ahonle
University of Florida

Read the Original

This page is a summary of: State-Federal Vocational Rehabilitation in Traumatic Brain Injury: What Predictors Are Associated With Employment Outcomes?, Rehabilitation Counseling Bulletin, July 2019, SAGE Publications,
DOI: 10.1177/0034355219864684.
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