What is it about?

COPD has a growing impact on society across all nations. There is also increasing research showing that there are many causes of COPD beyond smoking. Despite these facts, the majority of physicians do not dive into treatment plans that address other non-smoking causes.

Featured Image

Why is it important?

Understanding the causes of COPD is important to create an effective treatment plan. For some, this means recognizing the biases held towards COPD patients and the causes of the diseases.


To deliver holistic care we need to look at all parts of a patient journey this includes being mindful of the environmental concerns and predisposing factors of COPD.

Professor Kenneth R Chapman
University of Toronto

Read the Original

This page is a summary of: Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease: Is Social Injustice the Elephant in the Room?, American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine, June 2021, American Thoracic Society,
DOI: 10.1164/rccm.202011-4114ed.
You can read the full text:




The following have contributed to this page