What is it about?
- a novel approach is initiated in the paper to outline global images and cultural distances from national stereotypes - our conceptual apparatus applies an extension of the "CATNET" concept introduced by Harrison White toward cognitive maps with national-ethnic groupings and attributes attached to them - in matching the dual character of the catnet conception, the network methodology builds on a new line of the two-mode techniques - our empirical apparatus employs an adaptation of a classical piece of comparative research by Buchanan and Cantril - based on surveys from Greece and Hungary as two country cases, the paper also includes varied qualitative material to interpret the findings under various historical-cultural settings
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Why is it important?
Based on the responses of Greek and Hungarian people, we found that self-images in both countries are strongly influenced by ideas about the border situation between East and West, and South and North, but also by ideas about exceptionalism. According to the results of the networked visual configurations based on the measurement of the national stereotype, the distinctive aspects of the segmentation of the cognitive maps highlight the global images that differ from the general pattern. The perception of economic crisis plays thereby a decisive role. An especially polarised representation of international relations was observed for the most heavily economic crisis-stricken segment in the Greek case. The crises of the last decades rearranged the cognitive maps, and even the national stereotypes that reduce the complexity of the outside world did not remain untouched.
Read the Original
This page is a summary of: Mapping Cultural Distances in a Catnet Approach, Comparative Sociology, March 2022, Brill, DOI: 10.1163/15691330-bja10047.
You can read the full text:
Cognitive Maps, Cultural Distances and National Stereotypes in Times of Crises: Comparing Greece and Hungary
Our sociological analysis on self-positioning, stereotypes, cognitive maps and in-group/out-group social distance uses comparative national survey data (2016 and 2017) on Greeks and Hungarians. The findings on national stereotypes, cognitive maps and in-group/out-group social distance illustrate the representation of ‘Others’ as a source of threat, in both countries. In a meso-level approach using press reports, we apply socio-semantic network analysis based on the compilation of word co-occurrences in two established Greek dailies and two Hungarian ones and investigate how media frames influence the attitudes of Greeks and Hungarians. A significant crisis-driven impact in the form of threats is documented in the bi-national survey on representations of ‘Others’ in Greece and Hungary. Complementing and supporting these findings, our comparative media analyses of Greek and Hungarian mainstream press showed substantial shifts between pre- and post-crisis patterns. Both of our analyses reveal a polarised rearrangement of the imageries of ‘Others’ in the Greek as well as in the Hungarian national contexts.
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