What is it about?

This article looks at whether carbon border adjustments will be legal and fair. Trade law has a number of requirements that may not be met by CBAs and it appears that there will be a lot of poorer countries who may be worse off if CBAs are introduced.

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Why is it important?

The European Union is asking that any imported products have to pay a price for their embedded carbon. This will start from this year. They will not be the only region to do this - and it could be that CBAs become more common. Therefore it is important that their impacts are considered.


This article was an important update to research I have undertaken over the last 15 years. In the past I was concerned with whether CBAs would comply with trade law, but this article looks at whether poorer countries will be unfairly impacted by these measures.

Felicity Deane
Queensland University of Technology

Read the Original

This page is a summary of: Carbon Border Adjustments: A Legal Tool for Mitigation or a Barrier to Justice?, Climate Law, June 2023, Brill, DOI: 10.1163/18786561-bja10038.
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