What is it about?

This article aims to determine the Holy Spirit’s outpouring phenomenon in Indonesia called third Pentecost, Introduced by Indonesian Pastor Niko Njotorahadjo from Gereja Bethel of Indonesia. This paper is expected to provide constructive input to the Church, especially the Pentecostal - charismatic seminaries, to understand the biblical views, history, and relevance movement. The meaning of the third Pentecost needs to be understood and reexamined so that the expression becomes a valid biblical event.

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Why is it important?

Our findings show that: First, the Third Pentecost movement meets the perceived needs of the church today. Pentecost demands a bond of unity in the church. There is a crisis in contemporary theology of churches divided into denominational areas is at the expense of believers who live amid isolation, alienation, and injustice. Meanwhile, the Pentecostal movement re-enacted a different unity from the unity in Babel’s events in the Old Testament. Second, The Third Pentecost was born in Indonesia and moved to the nations. This movement is from East to West and will return to Jerusalem. This movement expanded globally beyond what occurred at the early Pentecost. Third, Third, the outpouring of the Holy Spirit at the third Pentecost provided a renewal of the vitality of the Church, from empty religious routines to spiritual renewal.


Writing this article has been a great pleasure as it has co-authors with whom I have long-standing collaborations. This article is our struggle to map out the phenomenon of God's glory being poured out in the last days, God pouring out the Holy Spirit across generations as written in the book of Joel, The wave of God's presence has been revealed to bring great salvation to mankind.

Mr. Fredy Simanjuntak
Real Theological Seminary, Batam, Indonesia/ Sekolah Tinggi Teologi Real Batam

Read the Original

This page is a summary of: The Third Pentecostal Phenomenon in Indonesia, Journal of Pentecostal Theology, February 2022, Brill,
DOI: 10.1163/17455251-bja10024.
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