The New Egyptian Constitution of 2012

  • Bawar Bammarny
  • Arab Law Quarterly, January 2013, Brill
  • DOI: 10.1163/15730255-12341260

The Egyptian Constitution of 2012

What is it about?

Nearly 64% of eligible Egyptians had approved the Egyptian constitution in a referendum. However, the Egyptian constitution of 2012 was very controversial. Some Egyptian politicians saw this constitution as a major threat to democracy and called for a solution to reintroduce the Egyptian Constitution of 1971, although in the constitution as opposed to the previous constitution the way to absolutism and autocracy was blocked, mainly due to the limitation of power of the President. In particular the president was to be elected for four years instead of six years and could have been reelected only once. The experience in Egypt and other Arab countries since their independence shows that the rulers never want to step down and wish to bequeath the Republics to their children. But there were several contentious issues in the Egyptian constitution of 2012, in particular, about the role of religion.

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The following have contributed to this page: Dr Bawar Bammarny