What is it about?

It was shown that young children between 3 and 4 years old can think counterfactually when they see computer-animated stories that tell when a character makes decisions with negative consequences. A relevant choice condition makes an important difference.

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Why is it important?

The study tests the role of a relevant choice condition and a negative consequence in generating counterfactual thinking in preschool children. In addition, it tests theories about the role of imagination in the development of thought.


This study has allowed me to verify the possibility of collaborative work. We did it in Colombia, South America, in the city of Popayán. Over time, we communicated the findings to relevant researchers in the field, such as Paul L. Harris, who gave us relevant guidance. The work finally proves the possibility of uniting interests and efforts between distant regions and zones in favor of psychological research.

Juan F. Munoz-Olano
Universidad Pedagogica y Tecnologica de Colombia

Read the Original

This page is a summary of: Counterfactual Thinking Made in a Relevant Choice and Negative Consequences, Journal of Cognition and Culture, July 2022, Brill, DOI: 10.1163/15685373-12340136.
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