What is it about?

In recent years, recognition that bogus self-employment is rapidly growing, not least because of the advent of what has been called the ‘gig,’ ‘sharing’ or ‘collaborative’ economy, has led governments to search for ways to tackle this form of dependent self-employment that is widely viewed as diminishing the quality of working conditions. Until now, however, there have been few ex-post evaluations of policy initiatives that seek to tackle this phenomenon. Therefore, the aim of this paper is to provide one of the first ex-post evaluations by examining the outcomes of a 2016 legislative initiative in Romania to tackle bogus self-employment.

Featured Image

Why is it important?

Reporting both descriptive statistics and OLS regression analysis on monthly official data from August 2014 to August 2016, the finding is that while other business types and waged employment rates followed a similar trend to the years before the introduction of the new legislation, the number of self-employed started a negative trend after the new legislation was announced. After controlling for other indicators related to the economy (i.e. GDP) and labor market (i.e. employees, other companies, vacancy rates), the impact of the new legislation on the self-employed remains negative, offering reasonable grounds for assuming bogus self-employed was lowered by the new legislation. The paper concludes by discussing the wider implications of these findings.


Despite bogus self-employment receiving a lot of media attention, few studies have evaluated policy measures that might tackle this phenomenon. This paper begins to fill that gap.

Professor Colin C Williams
University of Sheffield

Read the Original

This page is a summary of: TACKLING BOGUS SELF-EMPLOYMENT: SOME LESSONS FROM ROMANIA, Journal of Developmental Entrepreneurship, June 2017, World Scientific Pub Co Pte Lt, DOI: 10.1142/s108494671750011x.
You can read the full text:



The following have contributed to this page