What is it about?

This article advances understanding of the prevalence and distribution of dependent self-employment.

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Why is it important?

Analysing the 2015 European Working Conditions Survey of 35,765 employees in 28 European countries, the dependent self-employed are found to comprise 4.3% (1 in 23) of the EU workforce, 47% of all those reporting themselves as self-employed without employees and 31% of all self-employed. The prevalence of dependent self-employment, however, is found to have decreased since the previous 2010 survey, is not found to be concentrated among marginalised population groups and is significantly more likely in agriculture, forestry and fishing, arts, entertainment, recreation and other service activities, and the household services sector.


Reveals that bogus self-employment is not rapidly growing in the EU and is not concentrated solely in the 'collaborative/sharing economy

Professor Colin C Williams
University of Sheffield

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This page is a summary of: Evaluating the prevalence and distribution of dependent self-employment: some lessons from the European Working Conditions Survey, Industrial Relations Journal, March 2018, Wiley, DOI: 10.1111/irj.12206.
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