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Why is it important?

Reporting a 2013 survey of the prevalence of envelope wages across 27 European Union member states, this paper reveals that this illegitimate wage practice is more common in poorer, less equal countries with lower taxation and social protection levels and less effective redistribution via social transfers.

Perspectives

An investigation of what needs to be done to tackle the illegal wage practices employers use to evade paying their tax and social insurance contributions

Professor Colin C Williams
University of Sheffield

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This page is a summary of: Explaining cross-national variations in the prevalence of envelope wages: some lessons from a 2013 Eurobarometer survey, Industrial Relations Journal, November 2014, Wiley, DOI: 10.1111/irj.12077.
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