What is it about?
Phytohormones and their interactions play critical roles in Solanum tuberosum (potato) tuberization. The stimulatory role of jasmonic acid (JA) in tuber development is well established because of its significant promotion of tuber initiation and tuber bulking. However, the dynamics and potential function of JA signalling in potato tuberization remain largely unknown. The present study investigated the role of the JAZ1 subtype, a suppressor of JA signalling, in potato tuberization. Using 35S:StJAZ1-like-GUS as a reporter, we showed that JA signalling was attenuated from the bud end to the stem end shortly after tuber initiation. Overexpression of StJAZ1-like suppressed tuber initiation by restricting the competence for tuber formation in stolon tips, as demonstrated by grafting an untransformed potato cultivar to the stock of StJAZ1-likeoverexpressing transgenic potato plants (StJAZ1-like ox). In addition, transcriptional profiling analysis revealed that StJAZ1-like modulates the expression of genes associated with transcriptional regulators, cell cycle, cytoskeleton and phytohormones. Furthermore, we showed that StJAZ1-like is destabilised upon treatment with abcisic acid (ABA), and the attenuated tuberization phenotype in StJAZ1-like ox plants can be partially rescued by ABA treatment. Altogether, these results revealed that StJAZ1-like-mediated JA signalling plays an essential role in potato tuberization.
Photo by Marjan Blan | @marjanblan on Unsplash
Why is it important?
Tuber is both an economic organ and a reproductive organ, as a model species for the study of plant abnormal organ development, its formation mechanism has always been a key issue in potato biology.
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This page is a summary of: Modulation of JA signalling reveals the influence of
on tuber initiation and tuber bulking in potato, The Plant Journal, December 2021, Wiley, DOI: 10.1111/tpj.15606.
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