What is it about?
Aims and objectives To identify and consolidate the available evidence about nursing-related competencies for home-based care. Background Over recent years, the demand for home-based nursing care has increased because of the need to meet the increasing need for chronic disease care to be delivered in patients' homes. However, knowledge is lacking about the expected competencies for home-based care nurses. Design A scoping review was conducted in accordance with Arksey and O'Malley's six-step scoping review framework and the PRISMA-ScR guidelines. The review identified literature using five electronic databases (CINAHL, PubMed, Embase, Cochrane and Scopus) and a hand search for grey literature in relevant home-based care journals and online searches. Key search terms and inclusion and exclusion criteria were used as strategies to identify relevant articles. Results Sixty-four articles were eligible for inclusion. Mapping and narrative synthesis of 116 elements related to home-based nursing care competencies identified the following 10 competencies: (1) care assessments; (2) performance of nursing procedures; (3) management of health conditions; (4) critical thinking and problem-solving skills; (5) interpersonal relationships and communication; (6) interdisciplinary collaboration; (7) leadership and resource management; (8) professional development; (9) technological literacy; (10) quality and safety. Conclusion and relevance to clinical practice This review provides insight into current knowledge about home-based nursing care competencies. These competencies could be used to evaluate nurses’ competence level for home-based care or for development of appropriate professional education. The review also outlines the scope of nursing practice in home-based care, which provides support for some form of standardisation of home-based nursing care expectations across various stakeholders.
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This page is a summary of: Home‐based nursing care competencies: A scoping review, Journal of Clinical Nursing, December 2021, Wiley, DOI: 10.1111/jocn.16169.
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