Higher gregarine parasitism often in sibling species of host damselflies with smaller geographical distributions

JULIA J. MLYNAREK, CHRISTOPHER HASSALL, MARK R. FORBES
  • Ecological Entomology, September 2012, Wiley
  • DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-2311.2012.01381.x

Less common damselfly species tend to have more parasites

What is it about?

Julia Mlynarek, a PhD student at Carleton University, collected a large number of damselflies from a number of sites around eastern Ontario. The species were grouped into pairs so that we could compare between species from the same genus. She dissected these to find the number of protozoa (like the one shown above) in guts of each animal. We found that species with smaller geographical distributions tended to have more protozoan parasites than closely related species with larger distributions.

Why is it important?

Explaining how parasites affect their hosts is a big question spanning ecology and evolutionary biology. These results suggest that there might be a combined effect of (i) shared parasites due to evolutionary history, and (ii) varying resistance due to different exposure across geographical ranges.

Perspectives

Dr Christopher Hassall
University of Leeds

Parasites and the individuals that they attack (called “hosts”) often have a long evolutionary history of interaction. This history often plays-out as an “arms race” where the parasite finds a new way of attacking the host and the host then evolves a defence against that attack, followed by subsequent evolution by the parasite. Not only this, but species of parasites (such as the aquatic mites and protozoa that I work on) that exploit many host species can differentially affect those different hosts. In this study, we were interested in how parasitic protozoa affect closely related damselfly species that differed in their distributions.

Read Publication

http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2311.2012.01381.x

The following have contributed to this page: Dr Christopher Hassall