What is it about?

By using a mixed-method approach to social networks, I provide insights into how economic support practices, often termed informal social protection, differ across race and education in urban Namibia thereby reflecting continued economic inequalities.

Featured Image

Why is it important?

Informal social protection (ISP) can play an important role in understanding transformative approaches to social protection; both by highlighting the importance of exploring ISP beyond a conceptual lens on poverty as well as its potential in maintaining power imbalances in a stratified, unequal society.


I am keen to explore new ways of thinking about behavioural patterns through innovative data and methodologies. This paper represents an attempt to do so.

Dr. Annalena Oppel
London School of Economics and Political Science

Read the Original

This page is a summary of: Patterns and lived realities: Exploring informal social protection across race and education, International Journal of Social Welfare, July 2022, Wiley, DOI: 10.1111/ijsw.12548.
You can read the full text:



The following have contributed to this page