What is it about?

a study on the ideal non-invasive urine sample collection method in bladder cancer patients

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Why is it important?

The literature states that there is a bacterial difference between urine that is first voided and midstream urine. We found that there is no statistically significant difference between the two collection methods even on microbiota analysis.


To the best of our knowledge, this is the first study that undertakes the hypothesis of the first voided urine reflects the urethra and midstream urine reflects the bladder. The current opinion stating that the bacterial content of the urine samples differs with the collection method needs to be revised.

muhammed selcuk ozer
Dokuz Eylul Universitesi

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This page is a summary of: Urinary microbiota; Which non‐ınvasive urine collection method should we use?, International Journal of Clinical Practice, April 2021, Hindawi Publishing Corporation, DOI: 10.1111/ijcp.14193.
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