What is it about?

To advance understanding of the entrepreneurship process in developing economies, this paper evaluates whether registered enterprises that initially avoid the cost of registration, and focus their resources on overcoming other liabilities of newness, lay a stronger foundation for subsequent growth.

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Why is it important?

Analyzing World Bank Enterprise Survey data across 127 countries, and controlling for other firm performance determinants, registered enterprises that started-up unregistered and spent longer operating unregistered are revealed to have significantly higher subsequent annual sales, employment and productivity growth rates compared with those that registered from the outset.


This paper evaluates the implications of starting-up unregistered on future firm performance.

Professor Colin C Williams
University of Sheffield

Read the Original

This page is a summary of: Informal Entrepreneurship in Developing Economies: The Impacts of Starting Up Unregistered on Firm Performance, Entrepreneurship Theory and Practice, August 2016, SAGE Publications, DOI: 10.1111/etap.12238.
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