What is it about?
Bioethics aims to ensure that modern scientific and technological advancements have been primarily developed for the benefits of humankind. This study shares the views on the bioethical tradition in Malaysia with shedding light on the mechanism practices by the National Fatwa Council (NFC) during the assessment of the application of genetically modified (GM) food. It is found that the council will refer to the basic guidelines in shari'ah and consult the science experts during the assessment process before the fatwa is made.
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Why is it important?
The National Fatwa Council (NFC) is an authoritative institution that serves as the main referral to the Malaysia Muslim community on matters related to bioethical issues that are not clearly mentioned in the Qur'an and Sunnah. The council uses a collective approach to assess issues related to the application of modern science and technology (S&T). This approach has taken all factors into consideration by referring to the basic guidelines in shari'ah and consulting the selected S&T experts prior to the declaration of a fatwa on the application of biological sciences. This is to serve the main aim of shari'ah which is to serve the interests of mankind and to save them from harm.
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This page is a summary of: Bioethics in the Malay-Muslim Community in Malaysia: A Study on the Formulation ofFatwaon Genetically Modified Food by the National Fatwa Council, Developing World Bioethics, April 2014, Wiley, DOI: 10.1111/dewb.12057.
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