On the role of competent ligaments in vaginal surgery, pelvic floor and sexual function

  • Peter E. Petros
  • Acta Obstetricia Et Gynecologica Scandinavica, October 2015, Wiley
  • DOI: 10.1111/aogs.12716

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Peter Petros

Ligaments suspend bladder bowel and uterus. The muscles which open and close the bladder and bowel pull against the ligaments. If they are loose the organs prolapse down . The muscles cannot close (incontinence) or open (empty) Strengthening the ligament with a tape cures prolapse and symptoms

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/aogs.12716

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