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Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is an autoimmune disease which affects millions of lives globally characterized by chronic inflammation in the joints of the body. There is no known cause for RA; however, genetic redisposition has been associated with its occurrence. The association between genetic predisposition and RA has been reported largely among Caucasians and Asians. However, few studies with limited data have reported genome-wide association studies of RA in Africa, especially in Ghana. In addition, there is genetic heterogeneity that exists geographically among different populations. This case–control study included 75 RA patients and 75 healthy controls from the Komfo Anokye Teaching Hospital in Ghana. Validated questionnaires were used to obtain demographic data, and blood samples were collected and processed for DNA and polymerase chain reaction analysis. Statistical analysis was done using SPSS version 25.0. PTPN22 demonstrated a 100% minor allele frequency (GG) in both cases and healthy controls; however, an association could not be made for PTPN22 polymorphism with susceptibility of RA when comparing cases to controls. The homozygous minor allele (GG) of PAD4 was absent in the population. PAD4 polymorphism was absent, while PTPN22 was present in the Ghanaian population. The association between PTPN22 (rs2476601) and PAD4 (rs2240340) with RA susceptibility could not be established, thus may not contribute as risk factors for RA in the Ghanaian population.

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Establishes polymorphism among Ghanaian rheumatoid arthritis patients

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This page is a summary of: Polymorphism of protein tyrosine phosphatase non‐receptor type 22 and protein arginine deiminase 4 gene among Ghanaian rheumatoid arthritis patients: A case–control study, International Journal of Rheumatic Diseases, May 2022, Wiley, DOI: 10.1111/1756-185x.14348.
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