What is it about?

This paper aims to evaluate whether early-stage entrepreneurs and the established self-employed in rural communities trade off-the-books and whether this tendency varies across deprived and affluent rural localities.

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Why is it important?

In both the affluent and deprived rural communities surveyed, wholly legitimate enterprises represent just the tip of the iceberg. Beneath the surface is a large hidden enterprise culture of both registered businesses trading off-the-books and unregistered wholly off-the-books enterprises. However, the preponderance of both early-stage entrepreneurs, as well as the established self-employed to trade off-the-books is greater in deprived than affluent rural communities, intimating that deprived rural communities are perhaps relatively more enterprising and entrepreneurial than is currently recognised.


Evaluates the extent of informal entrepreneurship in rural communities and how this varies spatially.

Professor Colin C Williams
University of Sheffield

Read the Original

This page is a summary of: Entrepreneurship, the informal economy and rural communities, Journal of Enterprising Communities People and Places in the Global Economy, May 2011, Emerald, DOI: 10.1108/17506201111131578.
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