What is it about?

This paper aims to evaluate whether early-stage entrepreneurs and the established self-employed in rural communities trade off-the-books and whether this tendency varies across deprived and affluent rural localities.

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Why is it important?

In both the affluent and deprived rural communities surveyed, wholly legitimate enterprises represent just the tip of the iceberg. Beneath the surface is a large hidden enterprise culture of both registered businesses trading off-the-books and unregistered wholly off-the-books enterprises. However, the preponderance of both early-stage entrepreneurs, as well as the established self-employed to trade off-the-books is greater in deprived than affluent rural communities, intimating that deprived rural communities are perhaps relatively more enterprising and entrepreneurial than is currently recognised.

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Evaluates the extent of informal entrepreneurship in rural communities and how this varies spatially.

Professor Colin C Williams
University of Sheffield

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This page is a summary of: Entrepreneurship, the informal economy and rural communities, Journal of Enterprising Communities People and Places in the Global Economy, May 2011, Emerald, DOI: 10.1108/17506201111131578.
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