What is it about?

Given the commonality of employment in the informal economy, this paper moves beyond classifying nations by the composition of their formal economies and instead classifies countries by the extent and nature of employment in the informal economy.

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Why is it important?

Analysing ILO data on the size and character of employment in the informal economy in 36 developing economies, the outcome is to reveal a significant correlation between cross-national variations in the degree and intensity of informalisation and cross-national variations in GNP per capita, corruption, poverty, taxation and social contribution levels.


Rethinks the classification of economies so as to open up the future to alternative development trajectories

Professor Colin C Williams
University of Sheffield

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This page is a summary of: Out of the Margins: Evaluating the Scale of Employment in Informal Enterprises in Developing and Transition Economies, May 2015, Emerald, DOI: 10.1108/s2040-724620150000005001.
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