A review of the three factor model of leadership and its application to followership.
What is it about?
There is an extensive body of theory and research on leadership, while followership is a relatively neglected. One way of thinking about leadership is the three factor model. This describes three broad sets of leadership behaviours, namely, relations, task and change behaviours. It is an attractive model because it is both comprehensive and simple. The first part of the article outlines previous research on leadership and followership, including the three factor model of leadership. It considers how the three factor leadership model might be extended and applied to the study of followership. In this the second part of the article, evidence is presented showing that the three factor leadership model can indeed be extended and applied to followership. The third part of the article goes on to apply the three factor leadership model to followership. It contrasts leader and follower roles and details three major groups of follower behaviours.
Why is it important?
Organisations need effective leaders and effective followers. This research illustrates the clear parallels between the skills of the effective leader and those of the effective follower. This view of followership and its relationship to leadership challenges the widely held pre-occupation with leadership and the cult of leadership.
The following have contributed to this page: Mr Tony Manning
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